This unit begins by establishing what is “Form and Structure” in music and why Form and Structure is important.  Through performing, composing, improvising and listening and appraising, pupils then explore four different musical structures:  Question and Answer Phrases, Binary Form, Ternary Form and Rondo Form. 

 

Pupils begin with an exploration into Question and Answer phrases as one of the simplest types of musical structures, relating this to Call and Response singing and how musical Question and Answer phrases balance with each other to form a complete structure.  Binary and Ternary Forms are then explores with an emphasis on how musical contrast is achieved between “A” and “B” sections revising the Elements of Music.  Rondo Form is explored as a type of recurring musical structure with pupils adding pentatonic improvisations as “Episodes” between a whole-class “A” section. 

 

There is an option to end the unit with pupils creating a “free composition” in a style/genre of their choice to clearly illustrate and demonstrate either Binary, Ternary or Rondo Form to a Year 6 class audience. 

Throughout the unit, pupils listen to examples of music based on Binary, Ternary and Rondo Forms and emphasis is placed on revising treble clef staff notation.

Exploring Musical Structures

Form and Structure - DOITNOW (Starters) and Plenary Activities

Form and Structure - Plenary

Presentation

A range of lesson closers and ways in which pupil’s can review their learning and consolidate their skills, knowledge and understanding from within the Form and Structure unit.

Form and Structure - “DOITNOW” Presentation

 

Cutting down on printables, file storage and media files, the “new look” Musical Contexts “DOITNOW” Form and Structure lesson openers Presentation contains  a wealth (only two samples shown here), of effective “DOITNOW’s” when delivering the Form and Structure unit in just one place - all audio and video files are embedded and there’s accompanying Teacher’s Notes in the “slide comments” section. 

Form and Structure - Music Theory and Melodic Dictation

Form and Structure Music Theory 1 - Musical Phrasing

All about musical phrasing and phrase marks as a type of musical Form and Structure

Form and Structure Melodic Dictation Exercises

Basic melodic dictation of Question and Answer Phrases and short Binary and Ternary Form examples using treble clef staff notation.  All of the audio examples are given on the accompanying audio file.

Form and Structure - Question and Answer Phrases

Form and Structure - Binary Form

Form and Structure - Ternary Form

Form and Structure - Rondo Form

Form and Structure - Cover and Homework Activities

Please feel free to copy, modify, customise, personalise and use Musical Contexts resources for your own use, with your students and pupils, within your own school or college and on internal Virtual Learning Environments (VLEs). 

​Please use the resources responsibly and ethically, as continued irresponsible free sharing and poaching of paid published resources (particularly “free sharing” to Facebook groups and the current trend of setting up “free” music resource websites using Musical Contexts and other published resources) is not only a breach of copyright, but the implications of making these publicly available on websites, even if only for a short period of time, are that other schools and teachers can freely access them meaning a loss of earnings for authors and publishers, jeopardising future resource development for YOUR subject specification and will only sadly see the demise of sites such as Musical Contexts which rely on the support (and honesty) of schools and teachers for future development. 

Musical Contexts is unitedly working with a range of publishers together to monitor Facebook groups for such “free sharing” and regular checks to the web are made using a program which scours the web for PDFs using automated code (scrapers).  Any subscriber found freely sharing Musical Contexts resources online will have their log-in cancelled with immediate effect and no refund given in respect of this.

Form and Structure - Scheme of Work and Lesson Pathways

Form and Structure - Scheme of Work and Lesson Pathways

Includes Scheme of Work Overview, Unit Learning Objectives, Learning Outcomes and Lesson Pathways.

Form and Structure Music Theory 2 - Musical Forms and Structures

Six melodies to analyse in terms of musical forms and structures.

Form and Structure - 5 Minutes Silent Reading

For teachers who prefer to begin their lessons with quiet, focused openers.  All contain “Questions to Think About” which can also be used as Cover or Homework tasks.

1. Form and Structure in Music

2. Binary Form

3. Ternary Form

4. Rondo Form

5. Musical Phrasing

6. Treble Clef Pitch Notation

AS & A-Level Music Resources Shop

Home

About Musical Contexts

Subscribe to Musical Contexts

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)/Help

Musical Contexts Year 7 Baseline Assessment

2016 GCSE (9-1) Music

Resources Index

Musical Contexts Music Cover Bank

Musical Contexts Shop &

Seasonal Topic Packs

Musical Contexts Analyses of Musical Works

Musical Contexts “Warm-Ups” Compendiums

Musical Contexts World Music Resources

Musical Contexts Music History & Theory Resources

Primary/Key Stage 2 Music Resources Index

Secondary/Key Stage 3

Music Resources Index

Musical Contexts

SQUILT

Key Words, Concepts and Musical Knowledge

Q&A/Call and Response Phrases, Binary Form (AB), Ternary Form (ABA), Rondo Form (ABACADA..), Phrase, Melody, Harmony, Ostinato, Drone, Treble Clef Pitch Notation

Music Theory

Musical Forms and Structures - Binary (AB), Ternary (ABA), Rondo (ABACADA…)

Musical Phrases and Phrasing Markings. 

Links to GCSE Music

Musical Forms and Devices

Instrumental Music 1700-1820

Western Classical Tradition 1650-1910

 

Form and Structure Activity Sheet

Pupils identify musical structures from photos before designing their own to illustrate Binary, Ternary and Rondo Forms.  Also a key words word search

Can be done without using ICT.

 

Question and Answer Phrases

A 2-page worksheet introducing pupils to Question and Answer Phrases firstly through rhythm and then melody.  There are 4 Question and Answer Phrases for pupils to perform before pupils create their own simple Question and Answer Phrase.  Full Teacher’s Notes provided. 

 

 

 

 

 

Binary Form

Pupils perform a short A section and create their own B section showing awareness of musical contrasts between sections.

 Full Teacher’s Notes provided. 

Binary Form - “Ode to Joy”

Pupils perform a short A section from Beethoven’s “Ode to Joy” and create their own B section from a given rhythm showing awareness of musical contrasts between sections.

 Full Teacher’s Notes provided. 

Form and Structure Listening Sheet 1 - Binary Form

A listening activity based on “Overture” from ‘Messiah’ by Handel in Binary Form.

Answers given.

 

Audio 1 - “Overture” from ‘Messiah’ - Handel

Binary Finary

A three-part piece in Binary Form for Tuned Percussion/Keyboards.

 Full Teacher’s Notes provided. 

Creating a Three-Part Piece in Binary Form

Pupils create their own three-part piece in Binary Form in the style of “Binary Finary”.

 

 

 

 

Catch a Falling Star

Simple solo melodic piece in Ternary Form given with and without note names.  Pupils are encouraged to think about how they can provide further contrast when performing Section B. 

 

Catch a Falling Star MIDI - Melody Example

Ternary Form Piece for 2 Players

More complex melodic piece in Ternary form for 2 Players—can be performed on keyboards, pianos, tuned percussion or own instruments.

 

Ternary Form Piece for 2 Players MIDI - Both Parts Together

Twinkle Sandwich

Twinkle, twinkle little star given in Ternary Form in D Major.  Pupils are encouraged to think about their own “Backing Ideas” when performing.

 

Twinkle Sandwich MIDI—Melody Example

Form and Structure Listening Sheet 2 - Ternary Form

A listening activity based on Minuet and Trio from Symphony No.104—Haydn in Ternary Form.  Can be used with audio or video performance.  Answers given.

 

Audio 2 - Minuet and Trio from Symphony No.104—Haydn

Video 1 - Minuet and Trio from Symphony No.104—Haydn

 

 

The Rondo Rap

A great activity for pupils to explore Rondo Form!  Pupils rap/chant a class “A” section in unison and volunteers improvise contrasting episodes to form a class Rondo. 

Rondo Rap Audio - Hip Hop Backing Beat

The Pentatonic Rondo

Pupils learn a class “A” section in unison based on a Pentatonic Scale which is then performed with solo improvised episodes to form a class Rondo.

 

The Pentatonic Rondo MIDI - A section melody example

 

“The Fast Food Song”

Also known as “The Pizza Hut Song”, this well-known song (with optional added actions!) is a good example of a song with verses in Binary Form with both the A and B sections repeated.